Therapy Areas: AIDS & HIV
HDT Bio Demonstrates RNA Vaccines Matched to SARS-CoV2 Variants Protect Against Infection of Upper Airways, Important for Preventing Transmission
6 April 2022 - - US-based immunotherapies developer HDT Bio Corp is highlighting the publication in eLife of results of preclinical research that demonstrate its RNA vaccine targeting specific SARS-CoV2 variants protects against infection in the upper respiratory tract, reducing potential for transmission.

In addition, the animal studies showed that even when not matched against variants, HDT Bio's RNA vaccine protects against lower respiratory tract infection and disease regardless of viral strain.

HDT Bio's COVID-19 vaccine is significantly different from current mRNA vaccines. Using self-replicating RNA, which is designed to amplify itself inside the body, generates effective activation of the immune system at a much lower dose than current vaccines.

The advantage of using a lower dose of RNA not only is improved overall safety, but also enables HDT Bio to deliver multiple RNA molecules in one vaccine targeting multiple variants of the virus.

In order for vaccines using mRNA to deliver multiple RNA molecules, the dosage level of each molecule would have to be lowered to ensure safety, reducing the vaccine's ability to generate effective immunity.

The preclinical research, titled "SARS-CoV2 variant-specific replicating RNA vaccines protect from disease and pathology and reduce viral shedding following challenge with heterologous SARS-CoV2 variants of concern," was conducted in collaboration with the National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases at the National Institutes of Health.

It was published February 22, 2022, online by eLife a not-for-profit peer-reviewed open access scientific journal for the biomedical and life sciences.

The research involved dosing animals with a vaccine targeting a specific variant of SARS-CoV2: ancestral, alpha, or beta. The animals then were challenged with a virus variant matching that of the vaccine as well as virus variants not matching the vaccine.

The results showed that HDT Bio vaccines matched to a variant shut down the virus in the upper respiratory tract, which includes nasal passages, throat and windpipe.

When challenged with a mismatched virus variant, HDT Bio's vaccine still reduced infection of the upper respiratory tract and provided effective protection from infection of the lower respiratory tract and lungs, a site of infection that contributes to severe disease, hospitalization and death.

HDT Bio is conducting clinical trials of its COVID-19 RNA vaccine in the US and internationally with partners in Brazil, South Korea and China. HDT Bio is collaborating with SENAI CIMATEC in Brazil and Quratis in South Korea. The collaboration in China will be announced soon.

HDT Bio is a Seattle-based biopharmaceutical company dedicated to providing immunotherapies to people around the world, including those in historically underserved areas.

One of the company's core technologies, RNA/LION, combines formulation and adjuvant ingredients to stabilize and deliver RNA to the immune system to stimulate responses for therapy or vaccination. 
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